Engage! That is the premise of fellow author and retired US Air Force Major General Robert H. Latiff, Ph.D, in his newly-released book Future War: Preparing the for New Global Battlefield. It’s not often someone so highly regarded simply pleads for help, but that is General Latiff’s most salient message. And I, for one, listen.

Technology has changed warfare in ways the average citizen barely comprehends. Each day dizzying choices become available to defense contractors, Pentagon procurement officials, and our elected representatives. Who can understand the impact on our very human warriors of the complexities and consequences of battlefield-performance-enhancing drugs, “intelligent” drones armed with lethal force, split-second orders to destroy based on networked—even crowd-sourced—statistical probabilities rather than the situation at hand, and robotic teammates “watching your six”?

Yet, according to General Latiff, we ask our fighting men and women to go into battle ever more frequently, trusting that the tools we hand them are somehow vetted as the right ones, that their orders are honorable, and that their actions are sanctioned by at least a majority of the citizenry they are sworn to defend.

We ask them to fight our wars for us without engaging in any debate about the ethics of today’s technology-enhanced actions and the costs to their lives…and souls.

Inventors tend to shrug and answer that the solution is ever more technology, more precise weaponry, melding of man and machine in ways that come right out of the pages of 20th century science fiction. Whether it is the Terminator’s Skynet, Star Trek’s Borg, or 2001’s H.A.L., the implications are clear. If we as citizens do not take the time to control our own fate, we are surely allowing a small group of scientists and their love affair with intelligent machines to dictate our future, and eventually run our lives. The institutions we rely on have abdicated their oversight responsibility for so many decades that the memory of such passionate, historical debates has faded completely.

No, I am not an alarmist nor a Luddite. But I, too, have found a lack of ethical consciousness and moral framework throughout Silicon Valley, where chasing wealth dominates discussions of societal priorities. Not all engineers and scientists do, but far too many, especially of the younger generation. Whether due to hubris that some other genius will solve whatever problems crop up, or a passionate quest to destroy previous generations’ flawed, human-based governmental structures and replace them with supposedly neutral machines, there is a significant lack of interest to face and openly deal with the philosophical, ethical, and political implications of their breakthrough ideas, and the world they spawn.

In Future War, General Latiff smartly focuses on the human element of war, and finds America singularly lacking in notions of values and morality. Not just in education, which is woeful enough, but in its citizens’ will to study, consider, debate, and actively choose what both the purpose and nature of future conflicts should be when we put machines between us and our enemy. National defense or national security? Police actions or humanitarian missions? Torture or passivity? Do we develop horrific new weaponry first, or be sitting ducks to nations who beat us to it? Has our own familiarity and comfort with the advantages of technology made us complacent to its evil side?

He sprinkles his chapters with unanswered (and perhaps unanswerable) questions such as these, recognizing it is not the military’s place to be the sole arbiter of right and wrong. However, nor is it the place of the elite few who grasp technology’s power and may use it for nefarious purposes, with or without our consent. Government of, for, and by the people requires involvement and engagement by all Americans. For a truly scary science-fiction scenario, I point you to Dave Eggers’ The Circle, a dystopian peek into the future, supposedly loosely based on conversations with tech leaders who by now have attained celebrity status with political aspirations, like Facebook’s Zuckerburg. As Chicago columnist Mike Royko famously said, “I may be wrong, but I doubt it.”

In a world dominated by fake news and entertainment-oriented media, those of us committed to an ethical, values-based future must stand up now and demand a considered thought process behind our rapid deployment of this new technology. As we speak, wars no longer are fought on delineated battlefields between nations over disputed territories, but rather in the world of cyberspace to create economic and psychological harm. How can any military deploy and defend against an invisible entity on an instantaneous, global battlefield? What do we really want our professionally trained soldiers to do on our behalf?

Whether we like it or not, we all have become citizen soldiers: fighting for truth from our media, justice for all, constitutionally guaranteed freedoms, and property rights in a world that has become increasingly reliant on a virtual network of bits and bytes. At what point could a network virus wipe out all records of your savings account, convert it to Bit Coin, or demand a ransom to release your funds? What if a single foreign hacker who wants to cause chaos throughout America is the sole person to blame?

Is that war? Do we send a drone to assassinate him or her? Are you ready to defend yourself, your rights, and your property as if it were war?

Or are you calling on our military to solve this attack on your behalf? How much is it worth to you in dollars, effort, and conscience? Where will you draw the line on your own civil liberties if the most effective technology has dire consequences here at home?

Alternatively, will you keep your eyes trained on your smartphone, reading Tweets and watching YouTube videos, preferring to keep your head buried in the sand because, in the end, you realize you sealed your own fate by not caring until it’s too late?

Dr. Latiff has asked for our help debating this matter, as we have asked him and his fellow military personnel for help defending us.

Isn’t it our turn to serve?


For the record, last year General Latiff endorsed Rare Mettle: A Silicon Valley Novel, for which I am eternally humbled and grateful.



Trusting Laws & the Judiciary


In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, I share an excerpt from my newest novel, Kit’s Mine, the story of how a native Californio dealt with the changing times of 1870 California. The heroine, Kit, is fighting alongside Michael for their right to own land. She makes a passionate argument for respect of the law and begs for fairness within the judicial system:

“While I don’t agree the current law is correct in denying some people land ownership, I do believe in enforcing all laws equally and in the spirit in which they were created.” Kit indicated Michael and herself. “In this case, for the land to belong to people who are willing to work it, contributing to our country’s overall wealth. This Homestead law also sets forth that land ownership should not be concentrated in the name of a few, while the rest of the population labors for token wages.”

“Your honor,” Diego sneered. “What relevance is this to our case?”

“I’ll let her continue.” Judge Hancock waved Diego off.

With ruddy cheeks, Diego tugged on his jacket lapels and glowered at her.

Confidence strengthened her spine. She leveled her finger at Diego. “If you allow this officer of the court to bend the law to increase his personal wealth by virtually robbing people who trust in its fairness, you will undermine the entire country’s homestead system.” She aimed her thumb toward the rapt courtroom listeners. “Then what’s the point in anyone respecting the law? Why won’t each person claim land at gunpoint, spending the rest of his years defending the land instead of working it? Where is the promise of this country if we allow the legal system to be abused in this manner by a lone individual?”

Even if the law couldn’t help Papa, her insights might—just might—bear out Michael’s case if she presented a clear argument. Heart pounding, Kit slid the scarf from her shoulders.

“The San Francisco court kept their decision uncomplicated: a son should inherit the land his father claimed and worked,” she said. “Is it proper that this court simply overturns that court based on the testimony of a solitary man whose motives are suspect?”

“Your honor.” Diego hammered his knuckles on the wooden surface in a continuous beat.

She ignored his interruption. “What will keep another court from overturning this court? Won’t it only end when the courts themselves respect the rulings of their fellow judges upholding the true spirit of the law?”

Sweeping her arm toward the agape crowd, Kit raised her voice. “Otherwise, the rest of us will simply function outside the law, developing special rules to suit our situations. Only if you ratify the rulings of other courts will we be able to rely on uniform justice. Then we can work our land, trusting that a wealthy individual with political connections we don’t have, cannot take it from us capriciously. Isn’t that what this country is about?”

Image Courtesy of Calisphere Project

Land Speculators in California

In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, I share an excerpt from my newest novel, Kit’s Mine, the story of how a native Californio dealt with the changing times of 1870 California. Determining the legal status of land kept lawyers, both good and bad, employed for decades resolving clear title:

“Your honor, I possess evidence that Diego Salazar was involved in a scheme to unscrupulously wrest land from the rightful owner by abusing the law.” Michael brandished the thugs’ documents. “Diego offered to represent Abigail Jenkins in her title claim, and then delayed getting a fair hearing to resolve the dispute. During the drawn-out process, he charged fees for his time, which eventually became more than Mrs. Jenkins could afford, thus resulting in her land being titled to Diego as payment for his so-called services.” He paused, gauging the effect of his words on Judge Hancock and Diego.

Nothing. Their faces remained impassive. This tactic wasn’t working!

Michael’s heartbeat accelerated. He faked an outward calm. “This is one of many times Diego acquired land by this method—including through my mother. I’ve uncovered in this court’s records specific instances proving he and his business partners colluded illegally.” He met the judge’s gaze squarely. “Other lawyers are involved who are in a position to influence the outcome of the ownership of the land.”

“Your honor, he is calling me a land swindler.” Diego banged his fist so hard the table skittered on the wooden floor. “I am not.”

“What do you call it when you flagrantly take land you had no role in developing, and deny the rightful claimant what they worked years to achieve?” Michael asked, girding for the worst.

“I charge fairly for my services as an attorney,” Diego said. “It is not my fault the title process takes a long time to reach a decision. If my clients wish to hire me to help keep their land, that is their business. And if I accept payment in land, that is mine.”

Michael pursued the logic with dogged relentlessness. “And if you flip the ownership of that property to another man in return for a favor he does for you—for example, in politics—that is also your business, is that correct?”

“Yes, it is.”

Michael restrained a gratified smile at Diego’s hasty retort. “Your honor, I believe California has an interest in keeping speculation at bay. The law states its intention to keep the land for settlers to develop as homesteads. If my stepfather’s interest here is to line his pockets with money or favors, doesn’t that fall into the category of land speculation?”

Image courtesy of Calisphere Project.

California’s Winners and Losers

In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, I share an excerpt from my newest novel, Kit’s Mine, the story of how a native Californio dealt with the changing times of 1870 California. Individual property ownership offered by America’s Homestead Act was a new concept for Spanish and Mexicans. The Spanish mercantilism system of granting large tracts of land to favored citizens who in turn hired employees to work it, or at best rented the land in return for a share of crops, was profitable for the landowner. However, it kept the lower and middle classes beholden to the upper class forever, with no chance for improving their lots:

“Actually, Kit is excited by the challenge of our new venture as property owners,” Michael said. “We both believe in America’s laws encouraging people to develop their own land, instead of working to increase its worth for a landlord, as they do in Mexico and Spain.”

A solicitous waiter approached and hovered near Diego’s elbow. Michael waved him off.

“That’s idealistic, Miguel,” Diego replied. “You’ll soon find that this country, identical to others, prefers its property owned by moneyed citizens. There is no value in simpletons establishing a home merely for the sake of ownership. People should leave that to educated gentlemen who turn land into productive assets for the greater good. Besides, working your individual ranch like a slave is not a pathway to become influential in society.”

Michael itched to pop Diego’s smirking ego. “Why would I want influence in your piddling circle? From what I’ve seen, the corruption of these so-called gentlemen is worse than among common prisoners. If your great society continues demeaning the hard-working folk, how will you and your kind find more to exploit?”

Kit nodded her discreet approval.

Michael rested his forearms on the tabletop, drilling Diego with his gaze. “Who will work the land for you, produce your food, and build the railroads so you can travel quickly to Washington in comfort? Or build your fancy homes and take care of your children so you can entertain lavishly to impress your powerful friends? Who will you be influencing but each other, once people refuse to work for you anymore?”

“You think you’re able to change society from the outside by working hard on your land, instead of letting the cream of society make improvements from the inside?” Diego’s loud laugh filled the dining room.

Image courtesy of Calisphere Project.

The Legacy of Don Quixote

In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, I share an excerpt from my newest novel, Kit’s Mine, the story of how a native Californio dealt with the changing times of 1870 California. Rarely understood is the role of the Spanish culture in California beyond the numerous Catholic Missions dotting the coastal regions. However, Miquel Cervantes’ Don Quixote, a centuries-long bestseller, stands the test of time:

Kit sighed. “I want a chance—just a single chance—to work for myself and succeed by doing my best. I have to own my property, so a landlord or employer or the government cannot take it from me by force, or by edict, or by an awful law targeting me or my family.” She paused, searching for the precise words.

“There was a book Papa read every day for inspiration,” she continued. “There was one line it he loved, and I memorized it. ‘I was born free, and that I might live in freedom I chose the solitude of the fields.’

“That’s from Don Quixote! How did your father know of a book written by a Spaniard?”

“I guess because Spanish missionaries educated him. I’m glad you know it in such detail, too.” Kit recalled her whispered response to Mama on her deathbed, her promise to resurrect Mama’s dream of a home, and the addition of her private quest.

“I crave true freedom and working among people I respect,” she said. “I thought the modern laws of California and America would protect me and give me that opportunity. Is that such a far-fetched possibility, or must I choose solitude, too?”

Her somber question drifted into the night.

“No matter the good intentions, the laws in this state don’t work,” he said. “They’ve created a lot of chaos and grabbing, with the strongest man winning.”

“And what happens to women?”

He interlinked her fingers with his. “Usually women win less than men. I’ve seen it work through marriage, though Mother’s experience was horrendous.”

Michael remembered the rest of the novel’s passage. ‘My taste is for freedom…’ Father had drilled Michael in detail on that fundamental reason behind Mexico’s declaration of independence from Spain, and lauded America’s Constitution as the noblest framework to ensure freedom for all its citizens. Undoubtedly, Father would be outraged at the poor treatment of the Spanish and Mexicans, as well as Chinese.

“Each of us comes from a unique background,” he said. “Our values conflict at times. It’s simply a matter of who’s writing the rules today. When my parents married, being a Californio was a matter of pride, combining the finest of Spanish and Mexican. After thousands of white people settled from the East, our heritage became a matter of shame. My parents didn’t change—the social norm did.”

Image courtesy of Project Gutenberg.

California’s First Ranchers

In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, I share an excerpt from my newest novel, Kit’s Mine, the story of how a native Californio dealt with the changing times of 1870 California as he partnered with a young woman seeking justice, too. Laws enacted for the betterment of the Eastern settlers failed to treat fairly the native ranchers struggling to adapt to their new country’s government and laws:

“I raised and trained all the horses on the ranch,” Michael said. “My parents owned the original stock, not Diego. Any horse is as much mine as his. I only took Midnight when I left, no mares. Diego should be willing to loan me another horse.”

“Why do you believe that?” Kit asked.

“Because it’s part of our Mexican heritage. The original rancheros swapped tired horses for fresh, no matter on whose property they grazed, no questions asked. Why wouldn’t he?”

“Well, will he?”

“He’ll want me groveling and begging for a favor first, so he can feel I’m at his mercy.” He raked his hair with both hands.

“I gather you and Diego don’t get along,” she said.

“We’ve fought since the day Mother first employed him to defend her land in court, just weeks after Father died.” He cleared his throat. “It’s been twelve years, and I still miss him.”

Kit stared into the flames illuminating their campsite, sensing his sorrow. An owl hooted, and the nighttime rustle of squirrels faded. “If you and Diego fight, why did your mother marry him?”

“The ranch was already too much for her to oversee alone. The new law went into effect requiring proof of title to her land, and she didn’t know what else to do.” Resentment colored his low voice.

“Which law?” she asked. “The California Land Act?”

“Yes, that was the one.” Surprise crossed his features. He couldn’t know her parents often discussed the complexities of that and other detestable laws over their campfire.

Michael continued. “Mother inherited her grandparents’ ranch. You see, the government in Spain gave it to them before Mexico declared its independence. The Mexican government never questioned her ownership. But when California became an American state, Mother had to prove she owned the land legally. It got complicated because she was considered Spanish, not Mexican.”

“What difference did that make? I thought America accepted everyone. Well, everyone except Chinese.”

“Oh, we were accepted as American citizens, just not landowners. Easterners settled on their pick of land, and demanded official deeds and documents. Mother didn’t have formal records, though her family lived on our ranch for decades. She hired a lawyer—Diego—and eventually won. Afterward, she owed him a fortune in legal fees. She married him to keep a roof over my head.”

Image courtesy of Calisphere Project.

The Chivalrous Californio

Rinaldo Cuneo, Bay Area Hills

In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, I share an excerpt from my newest novel, Kit’s Mine, the story of how a native Californio dealt with the changing times of 1870 California. His heroic and chivalrous behavior, a blend of his Spanish-Mexican cultural heritage, is at odds with the nefarious schemes of his stepfather:

Adjusting his wide-brimmed hat, Michael headed southeast through the streets of San Francisco. The fog’s chilly arms enveloped the sun, robbing his warmth. A putrid stench from muddy sewers offended his nostrils every time he inhaled. He quickened his pace toward the wharves and clean sea air.

He had spent three days in the stifling courthouse with other disillusioned Californios, Spanish- and Mexican-Americans like himself, battling the arcane mix of laws that purportedly established rightful ownership of land they had worked and lived on for decades. So many had already lost their abundant ranch lands to the flood of Eastern settlers, unable to cope with changing rules that favored a different faction every few months.

Jamming his fingers into his trousers’ pocket, Michael patted his lawful title of land in Gold Country, officially documented in his new identity, not tied to his stepfather at all. Any association to Diego Salazar and his infamous cold-bloodedness repulsed him.

He marked off the time in cadence with his footsteps. Twelve years to escape from under Diego’s thumb. Six years to win his inherited land in Gold Country, in spite of Diego’s loathsome tactics. Two years to fulfill his deathbed promise to his mother. Just a mite longer and he could finally step foot on Father’s bequeathed land, free to start a new ranch as he saw fit.

“Michael Rivers. Michael Rivers. Michael Rivers.” He practiced the new moniker under his breath. Americanizing his name still honored Father’s heritage. He’d insisted his son learn perfect English to adapt to their latest government. Miguel de Los Rios no longer existed.

His father’s friends had resettled in Mexico once war with America broke out. After he died and Mother remarried, her remaining neighbors bowed before Diego’s ruthlessness. Michael suspected Diego’s influence among the powerful in San Jose and beyond started with opportunistic land dealings. They continued through unethical arrangements taking advantage of ever-changing leadership, as California became America’s golden child. Not one person would risk financial ruin from Diego’s or his cronies’ retribution, not even as a favor to Michael.

Image courtesy of Rinaldo Cuneo, Bay Area Hills


Combo REE Books v4

The role of novelists has always been to transport the public to an imaginary place—fantastical islands, super-hero worlds, gritty neighborhoods, and now, ominous futures. The best fiction writers conduct thorough research, basing their creative suppositions on facts, even when those facts seem as far-fetched as make-believe characters. Non-fiction writers and careful scientists vet those facts later, and often prove the point of the novelists.

When I began my research into the huge implications of America’s reliance on rare earth metals back in 2011, I had no idea the scope of the issue beyond Silicon Valley’s myopia and careless shrug that someone else would deal with it. The fact that China had indeed muscled Japan into capitulation by embargoing their supply of critical materials necessary for the success of their technology companies was ignored. Instead, more manufacturing moved to China, and we became increasingly dependent on China’s goodwill to build our smartphones, MRIs, wind turbines, batteries, and laser-guided missiles—and more.

Here is a list of writers equally concerned about a future based on technologies over which we have so little understanding or control.

Ghost Fleet: A Novel of the Next World War  (6/15) shook the American military establishment with its extrapolation of what might happen under current-day policies and underestimation of China’s ability to dominate the next world war, if it so chooses. Set partly in outer space, partly in the Arctic Circle, and in the eerily familiar San Francisco Bay at its mothball fleet (hence the book’s title), it catapults us into a very scary future. Its co-authors, Pete Swinger and August Cole are experts in their field of anticipating future wars and our growing reliance on technology in conflicts.

As I pursued additional details, I uncovered a kindred author, David S. Abraham, who like me was working very hard to explain these complex scientific and political topics in easy-to-understand language and essential metaphors. David likens rare earth metals relationship to technology as yeast is to pizza: invisible, but essential to the final product that we know and love. His non-fiction book, The Elements of Power: Gadgets, Guns, and the Struggle for a Sustainable Future in the Rare Metal Age  (10/15), sets the factual stage for a brand new world of changing alliances and warfare over tiny minerals rather than oil or water, and seeks solutions for mankind as well as our environment.

Seven months later, my publisher was willing to launch a book on this controversial topic in the middle of a turbulent election year when future foreign policies were still unknown. Rare Mettle: A Silicon Valley Novel  (5/16) hit the shelves worldwide after receiving accolades and endorsements from global mining, military, and political experts. I originally envisioned it as an unlikely worst-case scenario, but as China stepped up its military presence in the South China Sea and continues posturing as the rightful governor of the surrounding region, it seems my fictional story could indeed come true. Its basic premise: what would happen to our technology companies, our military, and our way of life if China decided to halt its shipments of rare-earth-based products due to a political dispute over arms sales to Taiwan?

Fast forward to June of 2017, with a new administration setting the tone to take on China directly, bring manufacturing back to our shores, re-start our mining efforts, and rollback regulations throttling our energy independence—and perhaps more. Sellout: How Washington Gave Away America’s Technological Soul, and One Man’s Fight to Bring It Home  (6/17) brings my Washington insider Jim Kennedy’s story into the spotlight. Award-winning journalist Victoria Bruce shares Jim’s story of a committed patriot working incessantly to shake Congress and the Pentagon establishment to wake up to how reliant we have become on China for our very freedom and way of life. The status quo has failed us, China has outwitted us by using market forces against us, and no one seems to have an answer—except Jim and his unorthodox cadre of patriots.

And next up, another of Rare Mettle’s endorsers, Future War: Preparing for the New Global Battlefield  (9/17) by Major General (retired) Robert H. Latiff. With over 30 years serving our country, including a stint as commander of Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center, his endorsement of Rare Mettle was a true honor: “a plausible and frightening story about America’s absolute dependence on Chinese rare earth metals and the head-in-the-sand behavior of Silicon Valley elites and DOD bureaucrats when all the warning signals were flashing red.” His own ethics-based book on what the state of war is and should be is worth reading and considering, before it’s too late.

What do these books have in common? A drumbeat of people outside the political establishment, all warning that the 15-second soundbites and 140-character tweets are no substitute for grounding yourself on what future conflicts will look like.

After 9/11, everyone cried, “Why didn’t someone connect the dots?” Here are the dots, in a perfect timeline spanning years, yet very few of our citizens are aware of our current danger.

Please read these books, write reviews, share with your friends, talk with your co-workers, and raise the rallying cry of these six authors. With foreboding, we present the contexts for future war with the hope that understanding the realities of situation may galvanize action to mitigate risks and secure our prosperity for generations to come.

Juneteenth’s Forgotten Slaves

Soon the country will focus on recognizing the week in 1865 that slaves were granted their freedom in all Confederate States. Juneteenth festivities hold special meaning for the African-American community, a way to mark the end of their ancestors’ unjustified enslavement and salute their many achievements.

However, it is incorrect to celebrate the end of all slavery in the United States at that time.

Close reading of President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation divulges that he only freed those slaves held in the states that seceded from the Union. Excluded were slaves in loyal Union states like California, or residing in the specific counties of border states.

The sad aftermath of California’s 19th century Gold Rush included an unprecedented wave of laws and sanctioned discrimination against Chinese immigrants for decades. Women shipped from China served as slaves, both domestic and sexual, at a time when men outnumbered women in the region by almost 100 to 1. In fact, auctioning Chinese was commonplace on the streets of San Francisco as late as 1870.

The foreign customs and odd appearance of the Chinese made them scapegoats for any number of accusations and mob rule, detailed in this blog post.

Chinese Slavery Images

My most recent novel, Kit’s Mine, explores the plight of a Chinese-American woman escaping enslavement and fighting to gain control of her family’s gold mine. My purpose in writing this story was to shed a light on these buried facts and make history relevant again.

This month, it seems only appropriate to reflect on our treatment of our Chinese-heritage population, especially with the current discussions on immigration and naturalization policies, taxation, property ownership and the American Dream, and human trafficking.

And, with today’s bumpy relationship with China, it also seems timely to share the reasons behind some of the antagonism between our countries. America denied citizenship to Chinese immigrants until 1943, almost 100 years after the Gold Rush first attracted Chinese workers to California, and eighty years after Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation went into effect.

Let’s learn and share these little known facts, and never forget.

“Rare Mettle” Endorsed by Jim Kennedy of “Sellout”

Jim Kennedy, featured in Victoria Bruce’s Sellout for his unique courage standing up to Washington D.C.’s bureaucracy, was one of my early endorsers of Rare Mettle: A Silicon Valley Novel.

Like me, he realized that bringing this arcane topic to the attention of the average consumer would be tough. A suspense thriller set against the backdrop of Silicon Valley, Washington D.C, and the vast regions of China were probably NOT what he imagined might work. However, we were both determined to help people understand the consequences of our reliance on China’s dominance of purified rare earth metals, the building blocks of ALL our advanced technology products: MRIs, electric car batteries, laser-guided missiles, wind turbines–even electric toothbrushes.

The American consumer has proven to make wise choices once educated on an issue. We have lessened our dependence of OPEC-dominated fossil fuels, our desire for blood diamonds from Africa, and are willing to pay more for sustainable coffee farming in South and Central America in order to combat the drug trade.

Are we willing to sacrifice to maintain our lead in technology, education, and our freedom to innovate, or will our children’s future be determined by China?

I’m proud and honored to share what Jim had to say about Rare Mettle:

“Ann Bridges’ exciting, reality-based Rare Mettle is packed full of corporate and government agents engaged in an economic and geopolitical battle across cultures and vast geography. Based on extensive research, and including insider conversations, her story foretells America’s weaknesses and possible consequences of decades-long, compromising policies chasing China’s cheap manufacturing promises and stable global alliances.

But what adds an element of timeliness and relevance is that the underlying technical facts setting these fictional players into motion are true; therefore, her depiction of the current commercial and National Security situation is accurate, valid and deeply relevant to U.S. economic standing in the world. This, of course, impacts the lives of every American alive today, and will define the lives and futures of our children.

Through its compelling characters, Rare Mettle presents a frighteningly disturbing, first-hand account of institutionalized policy failure that has in fact taken place at the highest levels of the United States government.” —James C. Kennedy, President ThREEConsulting.com, St. Louis Missouri.

Let’s make a difference and support a sustainable domestic solution for rare earths, too. You can learn more from the list of resources publicly available.

Both Sellout and Rare Mettle are available wherever books are sold.


Celebration time!

Jim Kennedy, my inside source for much of the Washington D.C. intrigue and Pentagon cover-up fictionalized in Rare Mettle, is the subject of a new non-fiction exposé. Sellout, by Victoria Bruce, details his years-long quest to bring to light America’s foolhardy reliance on China for the future of clean energy and the elements essential to high tech industries and national defense.

When Jim first agreed to cast his expert eye over my rough draft of Rare Mettle to vet the details of rare earth metals and their importance to Silicon Valley, neither of us expected future collaboration. Yet his descriptions of his meetings with high-level Defense appointees and members of the U.S. Congress, and the resistance he encountered to confront our growing dependence on China for our national security, galvanized me to rip apart Rare Mettle to incorporate what was really happening in the Beltway.

Here’s an excerpt from Rare Mettle that Jim helped me craft:

“Gonna take more than a civvy’s word to blow open the cover-up going on at the Pentagon, son.”

“Cover-up?” Paul pitched his voice lower. “What are you talking about, Colonel?”

“Warfare 101, Lieutenant.” DuMont took on the sonorous tones of a classroom lecturer. “Have you forgotten the basics of your military training? Modern warfare is based on logistics and procurement. How the fuck can we make sure we have the weapons we need if we rely on a foreign power to provide them to us?” His heavy sigh echoed in Paul’s ear. “At least that’s the argument I made to my CO. Then he handed me my walking papers and wished me a happy retirement.”

“Are you telling me they pushed you out because you brought to their attention a potential issue of national security?” Paul’s brain raced at the implications.

“I’m telling you that the fate of this nation hangs on whether our military can actually get its hands on critical high-tech gear when we need it, not when China decides to process metals for our defense contractors,” DuMont barked.

The cabbie revved his engine at a stoplight with matching urgency.

“But the rare earth mines that operate outside of China are our back-up!” Paul’s protest sounded lame even to his own ears.

DuMont snorted. “None of those operations have the metallurgical capabilities the defense industry needs. Only China does.”

“Which means?”

“Figure it out, Lieutenant. Your goddamn intelligence services have reported on increases in non-Chinese rare earth production, sure. But they failed to point out that all those producers still send their raw materials to China to be upgraded and refined for our newest weaponry.”

“So any non-Chinese rare earths production is basically worthless to our defense and technology companies until China gets its hands on it…Whoa…”

“Son, what I’m about to tell you is confidential. Do you understand?”

“Yes, sir.” Paul threw an ironic glance up at the Watergate Complex towering above, recalling its tainted history of Washington secrets and political ambitions. For a brief moment, he considered ending the call abruptly and avoiding the truth altogether.

No, DuMont deserved a full hearing after his years of dedicated service.

“Last month, I met with the Assistant Secretary of Defense, along with a top metallurgist and one of his own Asia policy experts,” DuMont said. “Do you know what that asshole said to my face?”

“I’m assuming you mean the Assistant Secretary,” Paul said with a wry twist of his lips.

“Actually, they all meet that description.” DuMont chuckled. “But yeah, the Assistant Secretary had the balls to look me in the eye and tell me that all our weapons still work without rare earths. That’s the official policy of the Pentagon.”

“In other words, ‘Shut the fuck up.’”

“Yep. While it’s true that some of our older weapon systems will work in a degraded form without rare earths, none of our laser-based systems will work at all. All those new, precision-guided weapons relying on surgical targeting won’t perform worth a damn. I should know. I spent half of my career searching out the technology to give America’s military a leading edge.”

Paul swallowed hard. “Sir, I hope you won’t take offense at this, but how the hell can you just retire knowing he flat out lied to you?”

“Oh, I still have a few friends in Congress who keep a close eye on the goings-on at the Executive Branch. They tracked down whether your agency’s documentation in the Congressional Armed Services Committee reports had ever seen the light of day.”


“Nope. Edited out. Plus, a staffer told me that asshole Assistant Secretary met with the ranking members of the committee just last week and reaffirmed the Pentagon’s official position on rare earths. So he lied to Congress, too.” DuMont tutted.

Holy shit.

DuMont was right. Most of today’s military hardware increasingly relied on rare earth metals. And the Pentagon was engaged in a cover-up that included lying to Congress about their significance and its impact on national security.

The Pentagon, the most respected bureaucratic organization in the world, had lost control of its own procurement process—and to China, no less. Acknowledging that failure could embolden our enemies. The single most important building block of a successful military is logistics, starting with identifying and securing uninterruptable supply lines. No beans, no bullets—no army.

No one’s Beltway career could survive a failure of this magnitude. They had to cover it up.

Fortunately, my publisher blessed the changes and risked the controversy my novel would bring during the 2016 election cycle, including to Silicon Valley executives who ignore the negative consequences of global trade on national defense contractors. Since then, Jim and I have worked hard to raise public and consumer awareness of the importance of rare earth metals to maintaining America’s leadership position in technology and clean energy.

More facts about rare earth, and Jim Kennedys hard work creating cooperative alliances can be found on my website. Rare Mettle and Sellout are available wherever books are sold.

Silicon Valley novelist Ann Bridges writes untold stories that mainstream media won’t cover or doesn’t understand. Her debut novel, Private Offerings, was named 2015 Best Business Fiction by Wealth Management Magazine. Its sequel, Rare Mettle, was acclaimed by both military and industry professionals for its authenticity and cautionary warning. Visit her website to find out more.


California’s influence in the world is renowned. A thing of awe. Silicon Valley continues to inspire and attract the brightest of minds, the most risk-tolerant investors. Hollywood movies and celebrities spread their messages, both good and bad, to palm-sized screens in tiny snippets and full-length features. Political movements have started on the streets of San Francisco and Berkeley, carried on a wave of idealistic fervor.

Has the trademark California swagger turned into intolerant bullying?

Perhaps Californians have gone too far wielding their power over the rest of America.

California’s legacy as the most powerful state came about in the 19th century when politicians lusted after its gold, and the power it could bring. Courted by both the North and the South, it eventually joined the Union cause, and its northern gold mines funded the Civil War effort. The infamous San Francisco Robber Barons leveraged their political clout to help fund their preferred northern route of the transcontinental railroad, bringing the traffic and trade to them, and leaving the southern half of the state to languish for decades longer.

Fast forward through the influence of the movies and television, the automobile culture, the growth of trade unions, the development of the transistor and electronics, free speech protections, environmental regulations, organic food, gay marriage. Trend-setting and innovative, yes. Yet the strength and scope of these movements grew partly because of the sheer geographic size and ever-growing population, dominating the rest of America’s elected officials.

As a long-time transplant, I sometimes wonder how I would feel if I didn’t live in California. How much would I resent the constant change, the myopia of the technologists, the “holier-than-thou” attitude of so many living in this weather paradise?

At some point, California visionaries and moneymakers need to have patience, and wait for the rest of the world to catch a breath and learn how to adapt.

At some point, they need to keep their vision balanced with the perspective of others sharing the same Constitution, the same set of federal laws, the same political process to accomplish goals.

Or, at some point, they may find themselves labelled bullies, not leaders, the few rich and powerful so out of step with the rest of us that their influence will be a historical footnote…or a storyteller’s dream.


Author Ann Bridges writes untold stories of Northern California. Just released, Kit’s Mine: A Daring California Novel, explores the fight of the Gold Rush losers for justice and respect.



In this era of high property values and the chase of the traditional American Dream of home ownership, it is always good to check our premises, and the veracity of our school textbooks.

California’s rapid path to statehood in the mid-19th century came at the expense of many of the original settlers here. Spanish and Mexican “Californios” migrated north when this land was neither your land, nor my land—but rather their land. The Spanish crown granted huge tracts to favored families, who joined with the Catholic missionaries to develop California’s promise.

When Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, it encouraged additional northern exploration and migration, especially since Spain understandably withdrew its support of the missions and their surrounding communities. The more moderate weather and vast ranch land proved bountiful for those who chose to stay, and the search for a new supply of quicksilver and gold attracted geologists and speculators.

The Mexican-American War, 1846-1848, ended with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed on February 2, 1848 just nine days after the famous gold find in Sutter’s Mill, California. The 19th century Gold Rush began, and soon California’s original settlers lost their ancestral lands to a new wave of immigrants through unfair laws, drawn-out trials, and even armed seizures. Rebellions rose and were soon squelched, including a famous one in San Jose not far from my home.

I explore the questionable process for determining property rights of these Californios and other non-white immigrants in Kit’s Mine: A Daring California Novel. The male protagonist, born Miguel de Los Rios, changes his name to Michael Rivers to adapt to the new era of being part of the United States of America. Like Kit, a Chinese-American young woman, Michael confronts prejudice and legal barriers in his quest to claim his family’s property as his own. Together, they doggedly pursue justice, and form the beginning of the true melting pot of today’s California.

Thanks to the Calisphere Project, you can search out photos and new facts about California’s colorful and tumultuous history.


Within the context of today’s debate over immigration and naturalization laws, unfair taxes, property ownership, and human trafficking, there are good reasons to study California’s historical precedents on these issues through fiction.

Just released, Kit’s Mine: A Daring California Novel explores the fate of losers in the famous 19th century Gold Rush—Chinese immigrants and the resident Spanish-Mexican ranchers­—and reveals yet another untold story of the San Francisco Bay Area. Timely and compelling, Kit’s Mine places earlier state policies and U.S. laws toward China and Mexico in a different perspective than the popular narrative.

I became inspired to write Kit’s tale after stumbling across an innocuous footnote describing Chinese women auctioned off as slaves in 1870 San Francisco, five years after America’s Civil War ended. I couldn’t believe that was possible! My research uncovered further details excluded from school textbooks, and certainly never talked about.

Kit’s Mine portrays minorities’ daring quest for liberty and fairness at a time when political and cultural values clashed. The book creates a new discussion platform to broach contentious topics within California’s diverse community and beyond.

Educators concur that Kit’s Mine is even suitable for young adults over age 16, by presenting eye-opening facts as a way to develop critical thinking skills, and to learn to appreciate unique points of view in our fast-growing world of personalized media.

Unlike my previous suspense thrillers, Kit’s Mine is an unabashed love story—a love of freedom, justice, family, and yes, a man and a woman. Men have read it and enjoyed its message, but women will absolutely adore it.

Kit’s Mine is offered in print and eBook formats wherever books are sold.

A former Silicon Valley executive, Ann Bridges re-invented herself as a novelist in 2014. Her debut Private Offerings, named 2015 Best Business Fiction by Wealth Management Magazine, depicts entrepreneurs’ current-day Gold Rush to Wall Street. Its sequel, Rare Mettle, acclaimed by both industry and military experts, tackles the issue of free trade against rising tensions with China and diminishing natural resources.

Find out more at https://authorannbridges.wordpress.com

The Price of Being Ignored – Or Ignorant?

For the last few months, John Moody, Executive Vice President and Executive Editor of Fox News, has been banging the national media drum slowly but with ever-increasing strength. Today, his piece titled “U.S .Reliance on China for Critical Metals is Being Ignored” will hopefully grab the attention of more Americans.

The industry insider quoted is no other than Anthony Marchese, Chairman of Texas Mineral Resources, and one of the earliest endorsers of Rare Mettle. Like so many, he has invested his time and money to deal with this critical situation through private business, despite the stonewalling by the Pentagon.


Reality Meets Fiction

Today’s ongoing debate over whether the U.S. can – or should – sell arms to Taiwan is largely being ignored by mainstream American media.


While this may seem like a repeat of the ongoing issue of “One China”, it is set against a broader context this time, and that is China’s President Xi political and military ambitions. Unlike his predecessors, Xi has consolidated power in a fashion not seen since Chairman Mao’s time, and has made no apologies for claiming sovereign rights over an ever-growing territory.

My novel Rare Mettle, conceived in 2013 and published in 2016, envisions developments exactly as they are happening now. Disputes over Taiwanese arms sales provoke a trade embargo, and embroils the US, Silicon Valley, and China in a behind-the-scenes battle for control over a very key asset: purified Rare Earth metals. These metals are needed for high-tech military gear and smart phones, drones and wind turbines, advanced submarines and MRIs.

Perhaps my fictional scenario is too painful to consider. But then again, sticking one’s head in the sand and pretending we won’t have to deal with China as a competitor for earth’s critical assets ultimately may be just as painful.

Earth Day Reboot: Rare Earths Day

Forty-six years ago, Denis Hayes and Senator Gaylord Nelson formalized our environmental consciousness, and celebrated the first Earth Day with over twenty million Americans. During the next several decades, recycling became routine and energy consumption data framed consumer-buying decisions. We modernized both our attitudes and our lives. We embraced “green” and the world is a better place. Bravo!

Time for an encore.

Mining may not top the list of activities we think of to celebrate this Earth Day, but if we are truly “green”, we must revolutionize our thinking again.

Why? Because in the midst of our “green” fervor, we opted to outsource the environmental impact of mining to China, rather than embrace the entire supply chain necessary for the very “green” products we presume will save the earth for our children.

So this year, let’s introduce Rare Earth Metals into our vocabulary, and celebrate the tiny minerals that are the basic building blocks of our 21st century lifestyle.

They create those vibrant reds on our smart phones, save our lives through MRI diagnostics, and make the smallest batteries and largest magnets work.

While they are scattered everywhere on the crust of the earth, they are very costly to mine, process, and purify. And are currently in limited supply.

Our clean energy solutions rely on the most precise scientific and engineering feats to convert passive sources of energy into usable power via extremely efficient motors. If we want solar and wind installations across the globe for cleaner air, then we must also encourage investment in rare metals—their mining, processing, and recycling. At current projections, we risk consuming more in a year than the existing global mining community can supply.

During the course of four years researching this topic for my upcoming novel, Rare Mettle (Balcony 7, May 2016), I discovered a woeful lack of consumer awareness. We toss one gadget away with irreplaceable components without a thought to their value—or rarity. Here in Silicon Valley, technologists tout innovative features without disclosing the long-term impact of those modern miracles on our environment. They rarely consider an economically efficient way to re-capture, re-purpose or recycle the rare metals housed within the tiny casings.

Our technology-centric lifestyle requires an ever-increasing and affordable supply of these rare metals. Therefore, we must re-think our environmental positions, and include their mining and manufacturing costs as part of the domestic investment in our “green” products. Twenty-first century scientists and engineers have fortunately developed smaller and less impactful mining sites, better controls, cleaner manufacturing techniques, and creative recycling solutions to so-called “toxic waste.”

Yet the topic of domestic mining and production is almost taboo. Our politicians and bureaucrats prefer to leave decades-old environmental regulations in place, safe from controversy. This is a failed process for our future needs, and requires updating. Otherwise, we may find ourselves beholden to China for our clean energy, which has over 93% control of the rare metals-based supply chain, just as we try to extricate ourselves from our decades-long reliance on Middle East oil and its attendant politics.

We need to:

–introduce new ideas and novel solutions into our daily dialog
–support scientific research on our shores
–teach our children about rare metals and their vital role at all grade levels and universities.

For if we continue to outsource our brain trust, we effectively cede the environmental leadership position bequeathed to us by the 1970’s activists.

Our world increasingly relies on technology, and therefore on the powerful properties of these rare metals. It’s time we learn all we can about our options to best use these tiny resources before we deplete them. Only then, can we again make wise choices and change our behavior accordingly . . . before we do even more damage to Mother Earth.

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)



Tech Addiction: What If…The Gadgets Went Away?

Every good story contains a little nudge to the imagination. When you read a novel, you ask the author to transport you to a world you hadn’t envisioned, a place you’ve never seen, a time in the past you’ve never experienced.

Sometimes that story gives you the shivers, making you appreciate just what you have in the here and now. Perhaps a loving family instead of a crazed murderer, or a vibrant community instead of a poverty-stricken neighborhood.

Perhaps today’s 21st century lifestyle with addictive gadgets making your life easier, cheaper, safer, and more mobile, not one from 100 years ago.

What if…your safe life today disappeared at the political whim of another country’s leader? Not from bombs going off or from a declaration of war. Not because we’re unaware of this potential risk to our national and economic security. But because, even with years of “connecting the dots”, our bureaucracy in Washington D.C. and the myopic hubris of Silicon Valley engineers caught us flat-footed and unable to defend ourselves.

Few people realize just how much we rely on another country for manufacturing all those handy devices that make our lives so easy, our air and water so clean, and our military advanced. I’m referring to rare earth metals mined, processed and “Made in China” into the technology we use every day.

Tiny microscopic elements, buried on and in the crust of the earth, give us those modern miracles. In addition, these rare earth metals are a critical component for future green technology solutions. Expert David S. Abraham likens them to the tiny granules of yeast necessary for any pizza. No yeast, no dough…no pizza.

Not being a scientist, I won’t go into details, except to bow down to those with the brilliance to identify and manipulate these elements into compounds and alloys that make tiny batteries and huge magnets work. They bring us solar panels and the brilliant crimson red on the iPhone. And supply our military force with their promised high-tech weapons to keep them—and us—safe.

Now we learn the “What if…?” is indeed reality, making the story of my upcoming novel, Rare Mettle, too scarily close to the truth.

According to the February 11, 2016 report from the U.S. General Accounting Office (whose role is “to provide Congress with timely information that is objective, fact-based, nonpartisan, non-ideological, fair, and balanced”):

“DOD [Department of Defense] has taken actions without knowing the extent of the underlying risks that the unavailability of rare earths would have on its weapon systems specifically and national defense generally.”

What? Say that again?

The Pentagon isn’t fully aware that China monopolizes the supply of rare earth-based components going into our weapon systems? Or do they simply ignore their basic responsibility to ensure our troops have the weapons they need? In other words, did they ignore that America’s national security is at risk?

In today’s world of global trade and reliance on key products manufactured in China and shipped to our shores daily, ask yourself what would happen if one day China decided it really didn’t like our stance on their political or military ambitions. We can hope they would negotiate to resolve the disagreement.

But what if…they don’t?

No rare earth-based components coming from China means no snazzy iPhones, solar panels, electric car batteries, magnets, or advanced weaponry.

Our economy increasingly relies on the most modern, mobile technology—to communicate, to process payments, to travel. So the concept of warfare in terms of bombs and troops, while all too real in the Middle East now, is antiquated when we think about China.

All they have to do is stop exporting the products they make under the claim that their own population needs their output. Not you. Not me. Not the rest of the world.

And that’s when the reality of any technology addiction hits home. Whether it’s talking or texting, energy reliance or night vision goggles, our now necessary gadgets could disappear in a matter of months as we deplete our inventory.

Hmm, you may just have to go back to reading printed books. And perhaps you can connect those dots, even if the Pentagon doesn’t see fit to warn you.

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)

Business Fiction for the 21st Century

According to popular community reader site Goodreads, “Business Fiction and Thrillers” is a growing genre, featuring books with plots driven by business issues and characters that are executives, managers, directors, employees, or investors.

And why not?

Eighty percent or more of the population works for private enterprise for most of their careers (as opposed to government-funded or non-profit organizations). Why has it taken so long for this genre to have its own set of characters and plots when there are legal and medical thrillers, crime dramas, science-fiction worlds for the technologists and futurists, historical fiction and mysteries, fantasies and underworlds, plus romance novels galore?

Perhaps it’s because, for so long, reading was seen as a means of escape from our real world. Or perhaps it’s because readers wanted to find out more about other professions they knew nothing about. It could also be that librarians and teachers, agents and editors, mostly came from the academic fields, with little familiarity or understanding of how exciting business can be.

Fast forward to the 21st century, when Silicon Valley executives are the focus of Hollywood movies, and their company’s astronomical valuations reflect the growing strength of our economy. There’s newfound respect for individuals who take risks, create jobs, and make profits. The modern day Gold Rush in northern California has captured the hearts and minds of the awe-inspired world.

Reading novels is a great way to explore any dynamic, new industry; learn what goes on in conference rooms behind closed doors; and benefit from an author’s research and experience, both for your curiosity and enjoyment, but also to enhance your career. All without having to memorize new management techniques and economic theories.

Marrying the reality of my own business background with an active storytelling imagination has resonated with readers of my two Silicon Valley novels, offering Business Fiction and International Intrigue within each title. The validation from industry insiders is gratifying.

For my first novel, Private Offerings (Balcony 7, Sept. 2015), academics, industry executives, tech writers and political figures were happy to add their voice to the importance of what I was attempting to do. Aside from hearing the wonderful words, “intriguing, suspenseful,” I was also thrilled to hear “ring of truth,” “demystifies Silicon Valley,” and “perfectly captured intensity of the Silicon Valley business world.” The icing on my literary cake was learning that Private Offerings was chosen by Wealth Management Magazine to be on their list of 10 Best Business Books of 2015; chosen for “depictions of high finance and corporate boardroom dynamics that ring true.”

My upcoming sequel, Rare Mettle (Balcony 7, May 2016), goes even further into the realm of International Intrigue, with a topic of great importance that I fear will only become popular when it’s too late: rare earths and advanced technology’s reliance on highly refined raw materials, the majority of which are supplied by China. Rare Mettle is my attempt to depict the worse case scenario in a way most people will understand: by bringing the data and facts to life through suspenseful fiction and fascinating characters.

Most recently, Jack Lifton, technology metals expert and senior editor at InvestorIntel.com (who is still reading the book), wrote me a great comment:

“It may well be that you are prescient. I think it’s very plausible that China will consume all of its technology metals production by the end of the new five-year plan. This will effectively cut off the rest of the world. There is no way to bring mines, refining, and fabricating facilities on line rapidly, so that, intended or not, China could literally place the manufacturers and developers of consumer electronics in a position where they essentially give China control of production schedules. At worse, the movement of such manufacturing to China would become mandatory…”

Sounds like real-life implications to me!

So the next time you’re looking for a good book to read, ask your librarian or bookseller about this growing category of Business Fiction. You may find what you’re looking for—both entertainment and education combined.

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)


An Interview with Ann Bridges: Silicon Valley Fiction Rings True

Saucy Jaw editor JZ Bingham explores the Silicon Valley inspiration behind Ann Bridges’ addictive debut novel, Private Offerings (Balcony 7, 09.15.15) where the blurred lines of heady success find sharp focus in reality.

(SJ: Saucy Jaw  AB: Ann Bridges )

SJ: Ann, your first novel, Private Offerings, is finally getting into the hands of media, reviewers, and readers from all over the world. In this work, you lift the curtain on Silicon Valley players to expose intensely private dreams and aspirations that reveal your characters’ motives, some good and some bad. How much is inspired by what you saw as an SV executive over your decades-long career?

AB: There are many little tidbits and anecdotes from real people included in my story, including a few of my own. I had a wonderful opportunity as an executive in one of the early Internet-based IPOs to interface with both the founders and the financiers of the company, and see where their dreams collided with Wall Street reality. Later on, I consulted with many early-stage businesses who thought funding their company through venture capitalists and bringing it public would be easy, and therefore treated it as an afterthought. In truth, only companies with forward-thinking founders and sound financial strategies ever cut deals that benefitted them. Therefore, dashed dreams and disappointed employees are more the norm than typically portrayed in today’s media, who tout only the wildly successful. I instead focus on the experiences of the average entrepreneur, who has to deal with competing global interests and changing conditions, including not bringing their company public. This option, called private equity, or a private offering, is much more commonplace, and reflects Silicon Valley’s ever-changing business dynamics.

 Today, any Silicon Valley visitor can’t miss the melting pot of cultures and ethnicities flocking to make their millions through this modern-day Gold Rush. I purposely chose characters depicting a different kind of background than the white, American male—an Indian software engineer, an Hispanic ex-military private investigator, a Chinese-American female executive, and my co-protagonist, a female small business owner of a public relations firm. The motivations and aspirations of these characters were drawn from first-hand experiences working and talking side-by-side with similar entrepreneurs, and grasping what drove them to succeed, often quite different from what you might expect. I hope my readers will learn something new from their unique stories and woes.

SJ: The role of women in PO could be viewed as somewhat stereotypical, given the age-old beauty versus brains argument, yet comes across as particularly realistic. Two highly attractive women each play a major part in the offense and defense of advancing SDS Technologies, the IPO target in your book. How often did you see instances of this type of behavior in real life, and did these women achieve their sometimes conflicted agendas?

AB: I grappled with perpetuating a stereotype in my novel against the realities, at least in my experience. It’s hard to combat what gets results in business. Frankly, sometimes having an attractive woman on your team makes a huge difference, especially in two such male-dominated industries as technology and finance.

I remember my CEO asking me if I would be willing to dye my hair blonder, since in Japan having a blond woman on his team was a sign of great success, and therefore standing by his side as he pitched the company would be a reflection on his stature as a powerful leader. I have no idea if the same holds true today. (I declined the token opportunity, yet he raised the needed funds in Japan, anyway.) Another time, he told me that the best advice he had ever received was to hire women in sales and marketing roles, because their expense accounts would be a tiny fraction of a man’s. And I found that to be true, sometimes having to argue to pick up the tab for a client. I remember I once submitted an expense account for one week’s worth of meals—$1.75, the cost of a frozen yogurt at an airport on the way home, and about 1% the cost of my male counterparts. I didn’t eat much, rarely drank, and was hosted by businessmen for the rest of my meals, presumably eager to keep their egos intact.

In terms of female vs. female, I actually was taken aback at the out-and-out hostility I ran across from other female executives most of the time. It was almost as if once a woman earned her place at the table with men, she recognized she her power as the token female, and fought to keep other women out. I tried to capture that element—the “Queen Bee Syndrome”—in the friction between my two female characters. Who has the power, and why? Who has the ear of the CEO and, therefore, the greatest influence? Who has earned the respect of the male colleagues, and how?

Fortunately, I believe much of that has changed in the workplace now, although women still network through external associations more than mentor internally in their own organizations. To the extent that it all came down to corporate politics, some women learned to play the game and advanced, while others chose to remove themselves from that environment entirely rather than play it (such as myself). Women make their mark in Silicon Valley every day—you just have to search for it behind the standard hoopla.

SJ: Without giving away the story, let’s discuss a very interesting, and somewhat troubling, aspect of PO’s plot: the role of consultants who move in and out of companies without a particular loyalty to one or another, stepping in to troubleshoot and possibly knowing too much of the inner workings of code, leading to what we see all too often today, cyber attacks that become more malicious and widespread with every incident. Did you mean to expose the vulnerability of SV companies who rely on independent consultants, and did a real-life incident inspire this in PO?

AB: As much as Silicon Valley prides itself on being new and different every year, in reality technology goes in cycles, including its secretiveness or openness. In the early years of the PC, technologists realized that they needed to cooperate in sharing protocols so that they could all interoperate and sell this new machine to the masses. Then Apple came along with its leading edge graphics appealing to a niche set of users, locked in the school market, and ultimately hooked students on the Apple brand for years to come. Its ease of use and proprietary platform set up a non-cooperative environment. The most famous battle that was never resolved is the ongoing one between the Apple standard and the PC standard (formally spearheaded by Microsoft’s Windows, but now including open-source software platforms, too).

The Internet boomed only when players agreed on common standards and interoperability again for web pages, email, and the like. Today, competing mobile platforms threaten to fragment the market again into smaller pieces as the largest companies in both technology and telecommunications worldwide vie for dominance.

Therefore, in years when proprietary secrets and intellectual property drive the business model, signing a Non-Disclosure Agreement and enforcing it was the norm. In periods of cooperation to drive the whole technology industry forward, there was a more relaxed atmosphere. Defense contractors, which needed to guard national secrets, became minor players in Silicon Valley during the last twenty years, and are only now returning and asking for help in the worldwide battle against hack attacks and terrorism.

However, software engineers are often contract workers, working on a specific project and then moving on. No different than any other human, they talk off-the-record at watering holes throughout the Valley about incidents they witnessed, slack security measures that are hushed-up, and possibilities for abuse.

In an era of high costs, carrying employees without maximum productivity, I see this as a real threat to any company or nation with genuine secrets to protect. Certainly, we rarely hear the full truth of how a virus started or which individual started it. The firms whose products supposedly protect us through a series of firewalls and virus scans wouldn’t want to admit an errant employee planted a bug years ago that went undetected. But it is possible, and a scenario I chose to highlight as part of the larger picture of the risk of our reliance on secure networks for our financial markets and military communications.

SJ: You marry SV’s high-tech output to national security and introduce how an historical, idealogical enemy to capitalism—China—could play, or perhaps is already playing, a role in procuring sensitive technology to promote world dominance, and maybe even gain an edge in controlling commerce and financial transactions across the world. With the global economy in a looming crisis and our own stock market feeling the reverberations of overseas pressure, why do you think this topic continues to be minimized by pundits and media, and not given its due?

AB: Great question, and I wish I knew more of the answer. In part, this situation is what inspired me to research China and then to write Private Offerings. But let’s first look at the facts.

Most of the media is still headquartered on the east coast—New York City and Washington, D.C. Our financial markets are the last to open on any given day (eastern time), so the financial attention is always given to what has happened in Washington, D.C., or other markets just before stock trading begins, and therefore to the east, or Europe. The heritage and focus of most of the population east of the Mississippi is still European, and increasingly Middle Eastern. China is literally on the other side of the world. They don’t weekend-vacation there, they don’t have friends or family there. Out of sight, out of mind.

Here in Silicon Valley (and including San Francisco), China has played a huge part in our lives for almost 200 years. From the first Gold Rush in the 19th century to the current day, Chinese immigrants have flocked to California, and many have stayed, and continue to stay. In addition, as China opened up its markets to modern goods starting in the final decades of the 20th century, their customers became the automatic growth curve for any technology business with a global reach. If your business plan didn’t include a way to reach the new Chinese middle-class, you didn’t get funding. And if the Chinese wanted to buy your technology or intellectual property, why not sell it to them if they are the highest bidder, regardless of the long-term implications? The U.S. government came under huge fire for blocking the sale of “sensitive” technology, and finally capitulated in most segments, driving even more of our attention across the Pacific ocean and west (from the California coast), not “east.”

I believe the other element minimizing the story of China’s growing influence is a fear that China has indeed bypassed America as the dominant global player, and neither the media nor our political leaders are sure how to respond to that fact. Some believe we should fight back and re-assert out dominance. Others believe that by sheer population alone, it’s an inevitable, irreversible trend. Clearly, China’s influence on our stock market and investment dollars has made its mark in the last few weeks. In fact, anticipating such a scenario, I depict the players behind the Shanghai Stock Market Exchange in my novel to bring a sense of the Chinese perspective and their motivations to my readers.

SJ: How does your sequel leverage what’s already been revealed in PO? Without revealing too much, can you give readers a glimpse into the next angle of your fictional, international saga?

AB: Rare Mettle delves farther into the economic and political implications of China’s dominance on our technology. It is loosely based on two real incidents: the purchase of an American leading-edge technology company in the 1990’s which landed in the hands of the son-in-law of the then-Premier; and the years-later embargo of key minerals to Japan for their electronics industry over a territorial dispute. National media has touched superficially on what might happen to Silicon Valley’s tech giants, like Apple, if their supply and access to purified rare earth elements is ever cut off. However, I go one step further, and explore what might happen to our military weaponry and other industries, too, like solar and automotive.

As more of our life depends on technological advances, we are becoming increasingly reliant on China’s cooperation, something quite new to an America that has always been the leader. It makes for a compelling and hopefully motivating read, even if disturbing, and especially timely in light of the Department of Defense’s re-emergence as a player in Silicon Valley with its new research outpost, DIUx.

SJ: Most people consider Silicon Valley ground zero only for technology and innovation. Yet you chose to focus on a business suspense thriller, not a science fiction or dystopian novel that typically comes from this region. Why is that?

AB: If “the business of America is business” as President Calvin Coolidge famously said, and Silicon Valley is America’s economic engine, then Silicon Valley is the origin of our nation’s 21st century economy. By minimizing the importance of the business side of Silicon Valley, and presenting its success only through a dark lens of whiz-bang technology gone awry, or gruesome stereotypes of geeks and unethical megalomaniacs, I believe the true source of untold wealth is underserved and misrepresented. All other regions seeking to replicate Silicon Valley’s success often focus on either technology or venture capital resources or respected universities. In truth, this region has a plethora of all three, which come together to create economic life via a business. The purpose of this life is to create profitable businesses to reward investors for taking a risk on new technologies and ideas; to pay its employees well for working long and grueling hours; and to re-invest in the company to create more products, more jobs and supply more markets with its innovative goods. If the business owners and investors don’t focus on profitability, too much venture capital becomes wasted on unproductive initiatives and frivolous expenses. Eventually, there won’t be more money to invest in deserving and essential future technologies.

I sought to capture one Silicon Valley corporation’s heart and soul, and perhaps create a starting point for readers the world over to understand the behind-the-scenes process of bringing a company to life. Hopefully, in time, Private Offerings could become required reading for business students, the same way Ayn Rand’s The Fountainhead is a must-read for architects. I find it ironic that it took a female writer to inject a passionate, human element into a story about a male-dominated industry, and make it both exciting and topical.

SJ: Thank you, Ann Bridges. We recently finished reading Rare Mettle and we can assure your Silicon Valley fans that the action not only continues, it lurches into high-octane. Readers are in for an eye-opening ride.

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)

Phantom Stock: In the Modern-Day Gold Rush, Do Stock Options Pan Out?

One of the drivers of Silicon Valley’s modern-day Gold Rush are stock options; essentially deferred compensation for employees, they take the form of partial ownership of the corporation through promised shares of stock at an undefined future point in time. Deferred compensation? Promised shares? Undefined future?

Why would any savvy employee agree to this?

Ah, the promise of today’s modern Gold Rush, where ownership of even the smallest piece of property might yield the mother lode of wealth for decades to come. Where individuals come together to produce value for the marketplace in an ever-expanding pie of opportunity, and the percentage ownership, while seemingly minuscule, might represent millions of dollars to the earliest employees…if, and when, the company goes through a public stock offering and converts those options to real shares.

But what happens when those stock options are, indeed, phantom? This is when the corporate executives and board members determine that they don’t want other investors’ ownership to be diluted by employment promises, and the decision is punted to later years. Yes, it is legal. However, is this the best way to hire great people and reward them for their effort? Or just a scheme, betting on the likelihood that most employees will quit, retire, or be terminated well before the corporation will have to make good on its promises?

Whether phantom or real, given an actual strike price or tied to vague market conditions, stock ownership as part of an employment agreement comes with the same ups and downs of investing in any stock. Most seasoned investors know the value of a given share in the capital markets could be impacted by a terrorist attack or a new competitor, bad economic times or a key product recall—and plan their finances accordingly.

However, when facing the same future, employees with stock options too often start believing in Never Never Land, where riches come as soon as a company goes public, where all restrictions magically disappear, regarding when and how they can sell, where income taxes are a figment of politicians’ imaginations, and where bank accounts flow immediately with tangible wealth after years of hard work.

Not gonna happen. At least for most of us.

Despite the media hype, very few companies that file actually go public and make it through the entire process. Often, they are purchased outright through a private offering. Some fail to deliver on their promises, and the amount principals believed their company was worth becomes laughable. In a free-market system like ours, that means the phantasmagorical idea of easy wealth is exposed for the fantasy it always was, and the employees who have worked for deferred compensation all those years walk away with nothing.

So why do they keep doing it?

Like the original California ‘49er’s, property ownership and control of one’s fate leads to an unshakable optimism and belief in the future. Maybe this little effort didn’t “pan out” (an expression used often when abandoning searching for gold in California streams). The next one just over the next rise will. With the experience gained and maybe a few better tools, the future will be as golden as the California hills. Look, that guy made it–so will I.

Here’s an example of greed for you, my from my upcoming Silicon Valley novel, Private Offerings (Balcony 7 Media and Publishing, September 15, 2015):

“I know you’re the man who really makes the decisions here, no matter what the board thinks,” Wilkins said coolly. “So I’ll lay my cards on the table. In order to keep me from tanking your IPO, you’ll have to buy my silence about your software bug. I have no hesitation letting the world know you deliberately released your product with flaws, compromising the world’s financial markets as well as military intelligence. That won’t go over too well with your potential investors, will it?” Wilkins crossed his foot over his knee, appearing smug and confident he had the upper hand.

Too confident.

Eric glanced at Lynn, cataloging her disgusted expression. “No, it wouldn’t. What exactly do you want from me?”

Wilkins’s eyes gleamed with greed. “I want you to write me a letter, right now, granting me half a million shares of SDS stock at the price of one dollar, with no conditions on when I can sell them. I know you have the authority to issue the grant, and the board will do whatever you say to protect the IPO. Even Rajiv jumps at your bidding.”

Eric’s mind raced. “At the price we’re talking about going public, you’ll pocket millions of dollars if you cash in right away. What makes you think you’re worth that much?”

“If that’s my take, you and Rajiv and your other investors will pocket ten times that, at least. My piece is just a tiny little expense to keep the IPO on track.”

Eric studied him, keeping his expression blank despite his disgust. “And if I say no?”

Wilkins glanced at Lynn. “I’ll ruin Lynn’s reputation if she can’t convince you to play ball. She’ll never work in PR again. Is that really what she deserves?”

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)

Literary Artists: Authors Need Support Too

When you think of the phrase Support the Arts, what immediately comes to mind? If you’re like most people, you think musicians and artists, painters and sculptors—people whose talent serves as a colorful background to your cultural environment but whose name you may not even know. Add to that a local flavor in your community, where you may know a neighborhood artist by sight, but not realize the hours he or she spends practicing their craft in a garage, or creating those marvelous masterpieces that now decorate your hallway.

In this era of electronic books and overwhelming verbiage on the Internet, where exactly do literary artists fit in? And how did they get forgotten in today’s Support the Arts message?

Libraries and bookstores used to be the sole repositories of great writers’ works. A hundred years ago, books were still considered rare, valuable and precious, meant to be cared for and handed down to future generations, both for their knowledge and for their art form.

Fast forward to a post-Napster economy, where the younger generation demands (read: expects) anything digital to be free—without a care to how the creator of that content should be recognized, rewarded, or supported.

Or zoom into the Amazon-dominated book-selling experience, where the concept of meeting the author and getting a signed copy of the book is nigh impossible to achieve. Or drop in on the numerous communities of closed libraries, limited budgets, and media centers, where the belief that worthwhile information must be on a web page or app lest it go stale; no need to carefully bind, print and make available an actual book for weeks of borrowing, for the simple intent to learn, savor, and enjoy.

Here in Silicon Valley, where so many people interact virtually and globally, it is difficult for a local literary artist to connect with the community.

Certainly, musicians and stage performers still hold concerts and shows. Photographers, painters, and sculptors are invited to display their wares at exhibition halls and museums. But where exactly can a writer connect with the audience except through the written word? Yes, there are open-microphone events and “flash reading” nights, where mere snippets of a work can be heard. But these are most appropriate for poets and works-in-progress. With the demise of bookstores and libraries (who used to be the staunchest supporters of books as important additions to the cultural arts and to the sharing of ideas), how does anyone expect the continuing stream of quality fiction to keep flowing, rather than dry up into a trickle of mediocrity, feeding the “snippet mentality,” and relegated to fleeting relevance?

I have challenged a number of organizations whose charter is Support the Arts, to do just that—think long and hard about how to better support literary artists— writers, with similar dedication in terms of publicity, venues, competitions, and grants as other artists. Time will tell if they heed the call.

In the meantime, it’s clear the days of simply relying on traditional methods for authors to connect with their audience has, for the most part, gone by the wayside. The commoditization of the literary form has taken it’s toll on literary art and literary artists.

How short-sighted of us to forget that novels demand a long time commitment, an immersion into another world, and different points of view? Perhaps we as a society have created such short attention spans that we have lost respect—or merely forgotten—the people behind the ideas, behind the entertainment, and behind the healthy challenge to the status quo.

If we are not careful, and do not reach out now to support the medium best-suited to capture and pass onto future generations our literary legacy, we will lose the soul of our civilization.

We will lose perspective of this point in time in our history: this generation’s passions—this peek into our troubles and our suggested solutions—through the imagination of our fellow citizens. No. We, as a society, should do all we can to Support the Arts, especially the Literary Artists, to ensure our legacy thrives.

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)

Who Is China? Fictional Truths: Silicon Valley Style

China’s impact on our businesses, our economy, our politics and, therefore, our very way of life is huge but most adults are understandably ignorant of the forces driving China’s influence. They were simply never taught about it, in school or otherwise, at a level to ground them in today’s issues.

If you were born before 1980, chances are your school textbook’s information on China included passing nods to Marco Polo’s visit, their invention of the abacus and gunpowder, and likely ended with the early 20th century Boxer Rebellion. College classes may have included the role of China in World War II, and even a brief recounting of Mao Zedong’s rise to power and the subsequent death of millions due to his failed political and economic policies. And that was all.

China turned its back on new technologies just as the Western world embraced the Information Age. Those curious followed Nixon’s visit in 1972 to watch the doors crack open to economic reforms and away from the heavy control of the Chinese Communist Party. Most viewed on live television the horrific quelling of the 1989 Tiananmen Square student uprising. We eat Chinese take-out and watch dragon-festooned parades with little thought to the country and traditions behind those embellishments to American culture.

But it’s difficult to ignore the jobs moving to China in massive waves, their finished products returning to our store shelves, or the newly minted middle-class Chinese tourists visiting famous American locales.

Who is China, really? What frames Chinese values? What geopolitical ambition does their government have? Where do we intersect—or clash?

Even with wonderful online resources at our fingertips, who is going to use the search term “China” and read billions of citations? How accurate is that information anyway given China forbids full freedom of their press and throttles complete internet access? Exiled dissidents, bootleg bloggers, and recent immigrants provide startling and poignant insights into a vibrant, nuanced culture, including viewpoints and facts contrary to official government pronouncements of widespread prosperity and never-ending growth.

“Saving face” is their cultural norm, true. But when China’s tail wags the world’s dog, it’s time to search out nuggets of truth and look for a consistent pattern to public—and private—behavior of both the Chinese government and its citizenry.

So I did, in my upcoming novel Private Offerings, turning it into fictional accounts of China’s role and influence on Silicon Valley, imparting salient truths about timely issues in an easily understandable form. In other words, to provide context to the volume of disparate facts bombarding us about this emergent powerhouse:

–Not technology per se, but its global catalyst for change.
–Not science fiction, but fiction about the ethics of research and innovation, especially government’s role.
–Not pure fiction, but stories based on research, facts, personal experience and lengthy interviews, coalescing around a single purpose…

…To bridge the gap of understanding for the average adult living in a world dominated by China’s very different goals, values, and norms. And to correct decades of an unfortunate void of information.

I don’t claim to be an expert, otherwise I would have added to the plethora of academic tomes instead. Nor do I pretend to have Chinese ancestors, whose stories filled my ear since childhood. No, my interest is purely in pointing out the elephant in the room. If To Kill a Mockingbird could raise awareness of racism, and Jurassic Park could capture the implications of commercialized genetic research, then hopefully my fiction could provoke more questions than answers about living with our Chinese neighbor, for many decades to come.

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)


Mirror, Mirror: What Do Selfies Say About Us?

Once upon a time, when a person looked in a mirror seeking truth, he or she looked long and hard enough to see beyond the superficial image to the person behind the glass. The popular emphasis on “selfies” abounding on social media makes me wonder—are people really looking at themselves or their actions anymore?

Do they like what stares back at them when they take a good look?

As many people in Silicon Valley are aware, the Ellen Pao vs. Kleiner Perkins gender discrimination lawsuit served as one big question mark over the current-day practices of many of our most prominent and successful businesses. Human resource departments are quickly reviewing not just their policies, but also their dedication to equal and fair practices in light of the charges of sexism.

Despite Ellen Pao’s failure to prove her case, there is still an undercurrent of disgruntlement by women that perhaps they may never break into what has become a high-tech “good ol’ boys” club. While I am an avid supporter of the energy and commitment to success that has made Silicon Valley a global icon, I also see plenty of areas where there is room for improvement. And one of those is the concept of mentoring, especially by women, not necessarily for women.

What’s the difference? In my experience, one of the biggest challenges for any woman who has “made it” to the top of an organization is to reach out and include more women. In the past, that was often due to quotas and tokenism. Only one woman at a time became part of the executive team, for example, so it became a zero-sum game if she recommended another, because that virtually guaranteed her replacement. As a result, many women jealously guarded their coveted title and salary in a win-lose scenario, with no interest in lending a hand to a deserving candidate.

With all the criticisms aimed at the male members of the venture capital community and other high-tech firms, I wonder if we should lay equal blame on the shoulders of women like myself. After reaching the executive ranks and going through a successful IPO, I decided to step out of the fray and run my own business consultancy, leaving the next generation of women in Silicon Valley corporations to succeed without any benefit of my lessons learned. Those that stayed in the high-tech world may be so busy juggling their professional and personal priorities that mentoring doesn’t make it onto their calendars at all.

Many studies have shown that boys tend to play team sports more than girls, starting at an early age. Perhaps boys learn skills and attitudes that make it easier for them to ask for and give advice to each other later in life without perceiving someone with a complementary skill set as a threat. While women may have good communication skills, I wonder if our view of the world develops in a different way. Instead of inviting others to join in a successful journey, we give all our attention instead to mastering the difficult road to riches. Heads down, we push our way forward, get to the top, bask in our success, take our selfies—and then forget to help the next young woman. After all, it’s our own ability, savvy, and skills that got us there in an all-man’s world, right? Wrong.

Male presidents and CEOs hired me and gave me chances, which is still the case for most women today.

Good ones take a chance on the best candidates, stand back, and let them prove their abilities, regardless of gender. So before we decry how sexist and discriminatory Silicon Valley men are, let’s look back in the mirror and see if we are now doing all we can, as women, to help others—both talented young men and women.

Today, my mentoring takes the form of writing about thorny issues facing Silicon Valley, but I include the concept of mentoring from the older generation to the younger throughout my novels. I can look in the mirror now and take pride in sharing my experience and perspective through a proven, centuries-old tradition of publishing, yet add the twist of eBooks, blogging, and social media to reach out to the next generation. I keep my fingers crossed it will make a difference.

So, next time you feel tempted to take another selfie, ask yourself—should you focus your attention on someone more deserving, instead?

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)

Job Security vs. Job Discrimination: A Fine Line

(A commentary on the Ellen Pao vs. Kleiner, Perkins lawsuit over discrimination)

I took an admittedly pragmatic approach to my situation as the only female executive, and the youngest one to boot. In my beginning years, women had finally started to crack, but not yet break the infamous “glass ceiling.” My bosses and co-workers were, for the most part, amenable to including a woman on their team but the areas of customer service and accounting were still done by “office girls.” I spent a lot of time and energy correcting their assumptions about what a woman could and would do for the organization—and then worked my butt off proving that I could do better than they ever imagined.

It’s hard to know if any disparagement was due to gender bias or simply lack of professional conduct. Most of the time, I rolled with the punches. After all, my male colleagues faced a different set of circumstances than their upbringing had prepared them for, too. It was up to all of us, as a management team, to strike the right balance of proper behavior and respect, and implement the new laws and policies fairly for all employees, regardless of gender, race, or ethnicity.

Despite working for male-dominated industries, I was encouraged to apply for any job I felt qualified for, and then judged by my achievements in my current position. I earned some promotions, but didn’t get them all, which is the norm. After all, many men lost in their bid for the same positions, too, and couldn’t fall back on gender discrimination as the reason. I more likely blamed my “failures” on standard office politics instead, which actually may be the essence of the Pao vs. Kleiner, Perkins case, not gender bias. Some people are simply better at impressing people with their interpersonal skills. Eventually, I trusted that my performance would speak louder than anything else would, and made damn sure I got outstanding results.

Women will face similar challenges to mine in terms of working in a male-dominated industry, yes, but that’s not unique to Silicon Valley. I don’t think there is gender bias among men per se, more a comfort level of doing business with known players in familiar ways. After all, most of the time they are interacting with other men. Women have to learn to do business with men as professionals, stand up to any inappropriate behavior before it drags them down, and learn the ropes of how to succeed in today’s technology world.

Silicon Valley has plenty of female CEO role models of hugely successful corporations—Marissa Mayer at Yahoo!, Meg Whitman at Hewlett-Packard and eBay; and Carly Fiorina at Hewlett-Packard as Whitman’s predecessor. There are also many women in the venture capital community and sitting on the boards of start-ups. So, even if women don’t pursue engineering degrees, rising through finance or marketing can be a valid career path. It might take a little longer, or follow a different trajectory but, ultimately, if a woman is great at her job, men in hiring positions will want to promote her to make the company a success.

However, it would be foolish to ignore the facts: men dominate the engineering fields; men are more often willing to risk founding their own company; men more often leave their families behind and immigrate to Silicon Valley. The presumption that a woman “should” be promoted based solely on her gender and not her ability to manage a complex, dynamic, and challenging environment is ridiculous. Only a very few of the ambitious—men or women—make it to the upper executive ranks, and it takes dedication to do so.

Having what amounts to quotas, or using lawsuits as blackmail, actually might make it more difficult for women. Out of fear of a risk of future liability costs of the magnitude of the Kleiner, Perkins case, employers will look for every reason NOT to hire a woman (or a minority) rather than work through the issue for long-term progress across the board. Real change happens slowly, especially when dealing with human perceptions, unlike wondrously fast technology life cycles.

There has been a lot of progress by individual women paving the way in Silicon Valley for the next generation. We should applaud that fact and replicate the results, not destroy the private opportunities through lawsuits or regulatory oversight.

I believe in win-win, not win-lose, so I saw no reason to confront an individual manager about his bias unless it got in my way. When I perceived that it blocked me from advancing, I went around—twice—by finding another job from someone who already respected my results and made a place for me in his company. The first time, I went directly to the CEO and advised him of the inappropriate action. I had no time or interest to play a game of legal threats based on my perceptions of gender bias. After all, perhaps I was just as biased. As a novelist, getting into the heads of both sides in order to weave my stories, I now have a greater appreciation for how much one perspective can differ from another, based merely on whose point of view is speaking at a particular time in my book.

In this modern-day Gold Rush that is Silicon Valley, making money seems so easy. But to casual observers following just this one case, they may overlook the time and effort it takes on the part of venture capitalists and entrepreneurs to marshal resources and make all this wonderful technology work. For too many, including attorneys (sorry, Maureen), the prize is grabbing an unearned piece of the pie by claiming discrimination or unfairness. Frankly, most people here are too busy trying to get results, and fast. They really don’t care who gets them, as long as they’re gotten—regardless of gender or race. Holding a corporation hostage for the act of possibly one bad actor doesn’t make sense to me.

That being said, I do think the “hot” companies run by very young CEOs would benefit from simple lessons in what constitutes professional behavior for all employees. Years ago, manners and respect were the norm in the workplace. Part of a manager’s job was to guide subordinates in correct behavior. Instead, disdain for anyone unlike oneself has become all too common and, therefore, not challenged, which might lead to ongoing perceptions of bias and discrimination. Great leadership and wisdom comes with years of experience, not a successful Wall Street IPO.

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)

Sex in the Workplace

Talking about sex has become so commonplace these days, it’s easy to cross the line between personal and professional discussion, especially when the concept of sexual power enters the dialog.

The most recent book/movie phenomenon labelled it correctly–there are many, many shades of sexual expression and preference. While I believe consenting adults can play whatever sexual power games they wish in the privacy of their own homes, inappropriate public behavior or simply leveraging one’s gender or sexuality to assert power over another is downright unprofessional in the workplace.

This topic has fascinated me since the late Michael Crichton so expertly threw the feminist movement back on its heels with his 1993 novel “Disclosure,” which detailed exactly how a female boss could sexually harass a male subordinate. Up until that time, women had cornered the market on crying sexual discrimination and inequality in corporate America.

Both men and women seek power, unfortunately, and sexual power has become today’s weapon of choice. Emotional, social, and professional relationships have morphed into a political power struggle based on gender identification and supposed superiority. Politics by definition is “the practice and theory of influencing others.” But when is it ever right to use gender, sex or sexuality to influence or control others, especially in the workplace?

And what exactly is the workplace these days?

Here in Silicon Valley, personal and professional lives are becoming more and more blurred. Large employers serve three meals a day to their employees to keep them productive and at work for long hours. On site gyms, dry cleaners, and day care centers virtually guarantee co-workers will eventually get a sneak peek into one’s more casual side, relaxation preferences, or family secrets. Personal and business cell phones are mostly interchangeable for the supposed convenience of the employee, who trades off having to lug multiple devices around for a lack of private communications with friends, family…and lovers. Unfortunately, work has become almost the only real-world place to safely meet and get to know potential mates.

So how can we keep sex out of the workplace if that is where we spend all our time?

We each need to take a stance on re-drawing the lines more clearly between our working and personal lives, and to clarify what is unprofessional behavior—no matter which gender perpetuates it. Unprofessional, in my mind, means behavior not belonging in the workplace because it has nothing to do with the stated goals and mission of the organization. But even then, the lines get a little fuzzy. Here’s an excerpt from my upcoming novel, Private Offerings, from a scene between a Silicon Valley CEO and his VP of Marketing:


          Kay rose as gracefully as a cat and perched on the arm of his chair. Her crossed legs effectively blocked his escape. “You know, Eric, you could show your gratitude better,” she murmured in a husky whisper, ruffling the hair at the nape of his neck. “We have an hour before we have to leave for the meeting.”

He jerked his head away and jumped up, not caring that he bumped her so hard she almost fell on her butt. “Cut it out. We’ve been through this before. Your behavior is inappropriate and unwanted. You’re my employee and nothing more.”

“But don’t you think I deserve a little reward for all my hard work?” She sidled up to his side, ignoring his glare. “Aren’t you the least bit tempted to know what I’m wearing under my suit?”

She released the top button of her jacket, and the thin fabric parted. “Only completely bare skin,” she whispered in his ear, brushing her breasts over his arm.

“Damn it, Kay, stop the games!” he yelled, jerking away. “I’m not interested in you, and that’s final!” He took a deep breath, willing his anger under control. She would be at the meeting later, and he needed her on his side. “I have work to do until we leave.”

Eric slammed his bedroom door and locked it with a deliberate twist, the loud click audible in the angry silence. He hated her advances. He’d once threatened to fire her if she didn’t stop, but she had smugly pointed out that if he did she would be the one to cry sexual harassment. Moreover, she would probably win.


Do you agree? Would she win when it’s his word against hers? He needs her at a meeting, and she’s leveraging it for all it’s worth. Who’s being unprofessional?

Legal recourse and fairness may be tough to pursue for any complaint of true sexual harassment. But there is no excuse to perpetuate and sanction illegal behavior, including by the victim, who too often chooses to accept the unwanted behavior rather than risk losing a job. That just doesn’t make sense. Find an advocate and blow the whistle–fast. The longer you wait, the less credibility you have later.

Yes, I ran across many instances in my own career where a line was crossed. And yes, it took courage and strength to expose it and escalate it to the highest level to make sure it stopped. No one can fight your battles for you on this matter, but there are people willing to help.

Sex is, and should remain, a very personal matter. Exploiting it for power, by either gender, in any interaction, is rarely healthy. In fact, pursuing sexual power rather than love or caring has probably contributed to a decline in trust and honesty in emotional relationships. I explore those elements of intimacy and communication in my novels, too. More to come….

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)

The Money Trail: Clues for Life

Follow the Money! Isn’t it just Common Sense?

There’s a very easy way to sort through all the clutter and noise these days, whether from flickering ads or news snippets, investment advice or technology choices. In the spirit of sharing my passion for making the business of life more understandable, I’ll let you in on my secret—one that has helped me succeed, both professionally and personally.

Follow the money. It’s as easy as that most of the time.

Admittedly, the money trail may challenge even the savviest Sherlock Holmes among us, but that should tell you something, too. If the true nature of the transaction isn’t transparent, you should be very, very suspicious. Let’s look at a few examples.

“Free public Wi-Fi” is anything but. Private companies pay for the network backbone and equipment to run it. Governments, in turn, provide tax subsidies and/or other favorable treatments for said companies, which ultimately means your sales, property and income tax dollars indirectly pay for your “free” use. So, really not free at all—just hidden.

The same goes for “net neutrality” which, for some unknown reason, has come to mean “free internet service” instead of a fair way to pay for an uneven traffic load from some users without compromising the integrity of the network for us all.

“Buy this stock!” screams the headline. Who’s giving you this advice? A columnist trying to attract you to read the whole story so he’ll get paid for an ad click? A Wall Street analyst selling the idea in hopes you’ll bid up the stock price? Your broker, wanting to make commission on your trade? Really, do any of these people have your best interests in mind, or their own?

The marketplace of stocks is no different from your local farmer’s market at the very basic level. Do you buy every piece of fruit offered to you? Sample veggies that look questionable? Or do you wait until the end of the day and negotiate bargains from vendors staring at excess produce? The basic concepts of supply and demand apply to ideas, money, and products.

Look at the trajectory of a typical IPO, cryptically labeled a “liquidity event.” The company’s owners and their bankers want your money so they can make their stock “liquid,” by converting it to cash for their business (and to pay their bankers a hefty percentage of the total proceeds from the IPO). Those privy to pre-IPO shares will almost always cash out—after you buy in, of course. Best to wait, and buy low to later sell higher. That’s what the pros do. If they can’t get their hands on pre-IPO shares, they delay until the stock settles back down to earth, months or more after the IPO.

“Free eBooks from the library” may cost you your reading history, if you use an Amazon Kindle. Apparently, Amazon feels they have a right to capture which eBook you check out from your local library, even though many libraries have made it clear they will not keep borrowing records on file to protect freedom of ideas. So why does Amazon get involved after you’ve purchased their device? Presumably, because they find value in knowing which books are “popular” by library patrons around the country, and may use that information later to set the retail price, or negotiate with a publisher. How much is your privacy worth?

There are a few questions to ask in order to understand any situation involving money. They are:

•           Who is paying out and receiving the money for the service or product? Everything costs something, including political favors and preferential media coverage. Money really doesn’t grow on trees.

•           What are their motivations, and do they match yours? Before you put your money into something, make sure it is also worth your time and name, because these days, they are all interconnected.

•           When will the money be earned for that transaction? Sooner or later? There is a time-value of money, so if someone is using yours for too long, he should pay you for that privilege. Who gives out interest-free loans without a catch?

•           If it comes to negotiations, who controls the money? That generally carries more power.

Bottom line: Is there a transparent and fair swap of value for value in your transaction or business relationship? If not, run for the hills, with your money stashed in your own wallet. Otherwise, it will certainly end up in the other guy’s.

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)

The Internet of Things: Hello, Big Brother?

The New Weapon of Choice over Your Privacy?

The U.S. Senate is holding a series of hearings on the role of technology in our lives and the potential threat to our privacy. This week it was about “The Internet of Things”, or IoT, defined as when gadgets, rather than people, hook into the Internet to share information. Examples include home security systems, health-tracking watches, and automobiles.

The question is: whose role it is to recognize when the gadgets’ ABILITY to gather and send (and, of course, store) personal information has pushed the boundary of what SHOULD be gathered, sent, and stored, given the plethora of security breaches recently, both private and public.

I guarantee you, only a handful of entrepreneurs and engineers halt in their tracks and ask the pertinent questions, such as, “Why are we creating this? Who will control the data and for what purpose? Is it right to capture such detailed information about any civilian population? Who might exploit that information in the future, and could it evolve into a dangerous practice? Can we secure it? Should the government control it? If so, what will happen to our freedoms?”

Years ago, I had a heated debate with an executive from Acxiom Corporation, then a little-known Arkansas company that provided a simple business service. They collected databases from each credit card company, including retailers with their own branded card, merged the information on their computers, and re-sold the information to direct marketers who wanted to spend their dollars reaching a specific target audience.

This executive refused to admit that there could be any future danger in aggregating all these profiles about individuals. After all, who’d want to know about a single person, when the goal was to sell a volume of products to many? However, after adding in a little demographic data from the U.S. Census, and tossing in the tools and the reach of the Internet, this tiny company grew into a powerhouse of data collection, setting a precedent for any and every company to capture what data they could.

When the Internet changed its business model from subscription services like America Online to advertising-supported pages, all that information became the new 21st century currency. The new Internet of Things now becomes a marketplace of one, where anyone with something to sell may deliver it to our homes on a virtual silver platter, at the low, low price of compromising our privacy and security . . . and possibly our liberty.

In the name of protecting the individual, the government all too often rushes forward to help but ends up stripping away our freedoms instead. The effort makes the politicians happy, as it validates their power position. It makes the businesses happy, because it allows them to keep selling their wares. But will it make YOU happy?

Somewhere in the world, a computer will monitor and record your every car trip, your exercise or lack of it, your guilty snacking binges, and your favorite TV show. Tack on which books provide you guilty pleasures, and we’ll morph from the land of the free into a totalitarian state overnight. Who might value this information, and what’s its ultimate cost? As the younger generation is discovering, an innocuous post on Facebook about a wild night partying in high school might keep an employer from hiring them years later. Is the employer justified? Why or why not?

Can you predict your future? I can’t. And neither can the technologists, nor our elected officials, no matter their assurances. Be very careful about incorporating the Internet of Things into your life. It might end up turning into the very weapon of your demise.

For a glimpse into my imaginary world where top-secret technology is pursued by surprising interests for nefarious purposes, check out my new suspense thriller Private Offerings, available 9/15/15 everywhere.

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)


Where Are The Influential Women in Silicon Valley?

Is there job discrimination against women in Silicon Valley?

I hear this question all the time, often in hushed whispers, as if it’s a secret that men dominate the technology industry. My simple answer: “No.” I believe there exist plenty of opportunities for influential women in Silicon Valley. I know from experience. However, the opportunities may not be what you think, and it may be the women themselves who make it that way.

Ignoring the gasps and cold shoulders I generally get from women who don’t like my “No,” answer, I ask them, “Why didn’t you study engineering in college?” Ah, there’s the rub.

Whether we like it or not, whether it fits the mold of today’s political correctness or not, this is simply a reality we’d like to ignore. Many studies have shown there simply isn’t a lot of interest in the mathematics and engineering sciences—the heart and soul of Silicon Valley—from either males or females in the United States. Those who do work hard to excel in that field generally find a place for their talents here; but is it any surprise SV is brimming with foreign nationals? Whether or not one arrives at the highest executive jobs and coveted board seats of leading SV firms, those who stick with the hard climb up this corporate ladder also carry dedication and people skills on their back—a rare combination of talents for anyone, male or female.

When I ran my own consulting business here, after a non-engineering career in the communications and high-tech fields, I was approached by a board of directors to be the “token woman.” I suppose one could say I was foolish not to pursue that avenue, to be a role model for other women to follow in later years. Certainly, other women have risen to comparable positions, generally in the administrative and finance roles, but also in marketing and business development, which is where most of them can be found today.

I understood the responsibility of executives and boards running these fast-paced, complex, high-tech companies and frankly, I didn’t think I was qualified. Sure, a board member is supposed to bring fresh perspectives and an outside view to the business in general. But when multi-million- (or billion-) dollar decisions need to be made on investing in new facilities or breakthrough technologies, partnering or liquidating assets, all the decision-makers need to have the education and experience to make the best decisions for their shareholders—not just the media or the politicians. Running a business is not an experiment in social engineering. It’s a serious endeavor to leverage capital, and then hopefully profits, in creative directions to create numerous jobs and valuable products. Rinse and repeat, over and over. In hindsight, I see those qualifications mattered more to me than to the boards themselves.

The few women engineers with advanced degrees who struggle in a male-dominated workplace require backbones of steel to advance their projects. But even with very creative solutions, or a uniquely female perspective, the true technology world is ultimately governed by the laws of physics and mathematics, not the laws of man (or woman).

We all wish we could wave a magic wand and make the world a better place.

However, if we broaden the definition of technology to encompass the growing use of applications and advertising, social media and communications networks, then yes, eventually more women will rise to the top. If not, they will start their own businesses because their education, experiences, and skills are more appropriate to the emerging marketplace than the hardware or software engineers’ talents, in my opinion. Steve Blank’s recent article in Inc., comparing women entrepreneurs in New York City vs. Silicon Valley, points to a variety of conditions that explain the difference, adding validity to my belief that decrying Silicon Valley’s dearth of female leadership misses the point.

Women need to earn the high-level, high-paid positions, and invest as many hard, long years in their career as their male counterparts. They need to enter the technology workforce with excellent educational credentials, great work habits, fantastic people skills, relentless ambition, and the desire to rise to the top. Very few people make it to the highest ranks, regardless of gender. If there aren’t women studying math and engineering, and then making their career their highest priority, they simply don’t deserve the top position.

The gender-based argument no longer holds water in today’s world, where transparency and equal opportunity really do exist for those people hell-bent on achieving it.

With all due respect to Maya Kosoff of BusinessInsider.com, I disagree that the statistics are all that dismal—but then I’m a half-glass-full kind of gal. I’m not alone. I suggest you read the comments to that article.

There exists today a great opportunity for women to make significant strides in executive levels across the country. Silicon Valley’s technology enables so many new products and services that no one has to be tethered to a single concept, a single company, or even a single geographical location.

Let’s redefine the opportunities for the next generation of women to excel in their chosen field—whatever that is—and compete for the consumer dollars, the government contracts, and venture capital funding on an even playing field.

After all, isn’t that what the woman’s movement is all about? Equality of opportunity? Who wants to face herself in the mirror knowing she hasn’t earned her place at the table, but that it was given to her just because of her gender? Isn’t that just as discriminatory as not being promoted?

I think so. Let me know if you agree. (Scroll down and Join the discussion below)

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)

Silicon Valley: This Author’s Muse

Despite the infamous song’s question, everyone seems to “know the way to San Jose,” the capital of Silicon Valley—and they keep coming in droves. The worldwide fascination about the region spans more than a century and, now more than ever, it is a mecca for anyone daring to dream big, work hard and try their hand at the brass ring of Silicon Valley success. And for this author, after a substantial career engulfed in its inner corporate dealings, it has now become a powerful muse for works of fiction, as seen in my contemporary Silicon Valley series (first release Fall 2015) and my historical romance novels (first release Spring 2016).

 I decided to make Silicon Valley my home from the first day I arrived at Stanford University to begin my college education. The energy, ambition, and rapid pace of change challenged and excited me on all levels.

 My experience is not unique. It’s hard to resist the combination of location and mindset offered here. Nestled against the Pacific Ocean’s coastal hills lies a narrow strip between San Jose and San Francisco. Behind the hype and wonder of silicon-based computer chips and clever inventions is a majestic land filled with risk-takers. Like the Gold Rush 49’ers (the ones from the 1800’s, not the current-day football team), dreamers flocked to Northern California from all around the world, eager to ply their skills for a chance to wrestle wealth and success from its myriad resources—whether natural, financial, or human.

Some in today’s generation may not realize the rich heritage of the past, but its ongoing mystique is merely layer upon layer of evolving breakthroughs, happenstance and hubris.

Its heritage is firmly connected to its close proximity to several excellent centers of learning: Stanford University, University of California-Berkeley, San Jose State University, Santa Clara University, and even more in the surrounding region. College graduates often stay close to their alma mater—case in point: me—and thus have ready-made networks of contacts to rely on as they start their ventures. Even before the educational draw, the risk-taking, gold-making mentality of the Gold Rush emigrants permeating this part of the San Francisco Bay gave its residents a head start in developing an entrepreneurial attitude.

It’s interesting to note that many of the pragmatic businessmen from the 19th century stayed away from the gold fields, having shrewdly recognized there was more money to be made off the foolish gold seekers than from the gold itself. While Levi Strauss hawked sturdy, denim pants to the miners, many of the ranchers and farmers south of San Francisco happily supplied food from their bountiful valley. And down south in San Jose, one of California’s very first companies provided the extremely critical quicksilver (liquid mercury) needed to separate gold from its earthy cluster in order to then purify it. At that time, San Jose’s quicksilver mine was the second largest in the world, coveted by the already-established mining companies in the rest of the Americas as an alternative to Spain, home of the largest source. Without quicksilver to support large-scale hydraulic mining, the Gold Rush would have petered out much more quickly, and possibly left California languishing far behind the East Coast power base rather than becoming the largest, most influential, state in the nation.

Wildly successful, opportunistic capitalism also helped form the financial base of the well-established banking sector in San Francisco. This financial hub for the West coast started in the Gold Rush days as banks flourished by converting gold dust into currency, which then allowed monetary gains to become transferrable in the form of telegraphed deposits sent to families back East. When venture capital money was needed to fund start-ups in the 1960’s and beyond, experienced capital markets experts were already deeply entrenched, and they and their affiliated investors were more than willing to take risks for promised, higher returns.

Happenstance also played a role in building the boomtown aura of Silicon Valley and its surrounds. Defense contractors flocked here both during and after World War II; the fine weather enough to entice any person to consider relocating from the cold-weather, snow-laden corporate headquarters of established firms like IBM, Honeywell and Xerox.

The edginess of Silicon Valley’s hubris comes from people who are driven to succeed. To this day, immigrants to the region arrive from throughout the world, as well as from throughout other states in America, leaving family and security behind in order to take a chance on themselves and their ideas. Some might call this a gamble, but those who flock here do not allow themselves to consider the possibility of ultimate failure (a genetic necessity for an entrepreneur perhaps). And if they do fail—and most do—they simply start over again, willing to learn from this temporary setback, confident enough to regroup and try again. These go-getters are looking for more than just success; they are looking for phenomenal breakthroughs. When you set the goal at 1000%, it’s more likely you may achieve 100%. Judging by its track record, Silicon Valley is an incubator for innovation and the American Dream.

With this rich background and over-the-top spirit, you may see why my chosen home base of Silicon Valley never ceases to expand my imagination with great inspiration.

My novels are all set in Silicon Valley. Everything I wrote above works as some sort of foundation, but I also tap into its past heritage of ranches and fruit orchards. The current-day explosion of business and technology lays the groundwork for a future I enjoy formulating in my mind’s eye.

Tall tales abound between the struggles of the earliest settlers and the more recent debuts of the youngest billionaires, already great fodder for Hollywood movies and YouTube videos. But even beyond the headlines lie stories of real battles over core American values, fought for and won, real dilemmas of ethical choices made by key individuals—and governments grappling with both the positive and negative impacts of technology—and poignant relationships, sacrificed to support the well-known successes.

That is what comprises Silicon Valley to me, an enamored inhabitant and former soldier of capitalism. Real stories, real people, real California. My muse provides an endless source of real inspiration, perfectly ripe springboards for fiction.

(This article originally appeared on Balcony 7 Media & Publishing’s SaucyJaw.com)